The automotive industry is critical to the Colombian economy, supporting almost 60,000 jobs. In addition, hundreds of micro-, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) depend on the local operations of global carmakers.
But inconsistencies in how parts are treated by customs and inefficient information and appeals procedures at ports have increased costs, with knock-on effects for consumers.
What we did
The Alliance worked with the Colombian Customs and Tax Administration (DIAN) and the private sector to create a Center of Excellence to provide consistency in how customs classifies and treats components. The Center has become a virtual hub for specialised automotive industry knowledge within DIAN. By centralising and harmonising decision-making on an industry-specific basis, it has created a more fluid and operational relationship between the public and private sectors.
Our project involved:
- establishing a working group comprising customs officials and representatives of the automotive industry to direct and oversee the Center’s work
- assisting with the institutional setting-up of the Center
- testing and launching the Center
- providing experts to assess the impact of the Center on external users and on customs clearance
As part of the initiative, the Alliance also supported the creation of a new Division of Services and Trade Facilitation, which promotes coordination between the public and private sectors to increase the facilitation of foreign trade.
Establishing a Center of Excellence in Colombia is a win for the government, the private sector, and the wider Colombian population. It will:
- improve predictability and harmonise customs processing across all ports of entry
- establish a single point of contact that will streamline administrative processes, eliminating duplicate work and reducing requests for information
- enhance Customs’ knowledge of ruling on key automotive industry practices and importers’ specific commodities
- reduce costs for both traders and government through quicker release times and fewer holds or examinations
- improve the competitiveness of the Colombian automotive industry, allowing it to attract investment
Monitoring and evaluation
We are evaluating the project’s impact. Key indicators include:
- reduction in the number of valuation and classification disputes
- reduction of time and cost for border clearance
- savings per customer, generated partly by shorter average cargo release times at the border, which will lead to money saved on total transport and logistics costs
Preparatory work and education process
Institutional set up and regulatory reforms
Testing, piloting and launching the Center
Supporting legal and regulatory reforms
Assessment of impact on the Colombian automotive industry
Find out how to get involved in the wider Alliance by clicking the boxes to the right.